IPD is a project delivery approach that integrates people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that collaboratively harnesses the knowledge, talents and insights of all participants to increase project value, reduce waste and optimize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication and construction.
IPD uses business structures, practices, and processes to collaboratively use the talents and insights of all participants in the design, construction and fabrication process. Beginning when the project is first conceptualized, the integrated process continues throughout the full life cycle of the facilities.
IPD is not solely a project delivery method unto itself; IPD principles can be applied to a number of different project delivery methods.
IPD is the Framework for the Green Team
By Zigmund Rubel, AIA
The past few years, AIA California Council has been defining and developing Integrated Project Delivery, (IPD) as a better way to deliver projects. IPD optimizes the building team’s performance with a business model that shares the risk and reward of a project with its stakeholders. Many of us promote sustainable products and solutions in design, justifying the pay off via cost benefit analysis. What is the cost benefit analysis for IPD as it promotes sustainability and improved project delivery? One can postulate that the status quo has no cost, so why change. IPD challenges the norm by recognizing collaboration is greater than the sum of individuals, thus the reward is infinite. (We already know the cost of not collaborating). Singular focus fosters opposing views and minimizes productivity, as well as creativity. IPD brings value to the team by having the stakeholders synchronized in supporting the project vision. The vision for projects is eco-effectiveness through IPD.
Eco-effectiveness can simply be said to “improve the bottom line”. The bottom line in the greener IPD world is reducing waste and optimizing operations. Process waste represents excess caused by inefficient decisions, both in time and material. IPD strives to encourage stakeholders to make decisions at the appropriate times in relation to schedule, which in turn delivers the project faster. “Green” means speed with IPD. This streamlined methodology minimizes time and allows team members to proceed with confidence. Confidence supports pre-fabrication and minimizes job-site waste. Kieren Timberlake’s manifesto “Refabricating Architecture”, is the exemplar of how the architectural profession benefits from the machine world, in pursuit to minimize joints by machined components. The value as an industry that we provide for the eco-effective paradigm, is to support efficient processes ensuring sustainable solutions both with IPD, and operations. IPD is the forum where the architect engages the user to demonstrate value based design decisions, through intelligent Building Information Models, and furthers the goal to minimize operational costs/impacts and the carbon footprint in our world through smart design. Designing and building for a sustainable future requires a stereoscopic view. IPD looks at today and compares itself with the outcomes of tomorrow. This modern vision requires new leadership.
The IPD process requires an IPD coordinator. The coordinator is essentially the project advocate for all stakeholders; the owner, constructor and designer; they put the project vision first. The vision of all future projects has our planet in its perspective. Who is best suited for that role in our pursuit to “green” the planet? Architects are responsible and trained to promote sound design principles and lead a multi-disciplinary team through the hurdles of cost decision making to life cycle benefits. Many people say that the architect is best suited to be the IPD coordinator. My biased perspective agrees with the architect being the IPD coordinator, with the challenge for inventiveness with sustainability. Kelley and Littman’s book “The Ten Faces of Innovation” discusses the natural tension needed for driving creativity. Who on your team do you identify with? The Anthropologist, experimenter, cross-pollinator, hurdler, collaborator, director, set designer, caregiver, story teller? Who should be the sustainable IPD coordinator? IPD needs all ten perspectives and need an IPD coordinator to ensure innovative solutions to meet the vision of a more sustainable planet. The innovation advocates represents a diverse forum that is symbiotic, rewarding, and guarantees to challenge the norm. The IPD coordinator is the synthesizer of disparate views, and helps distill them to ideas becoming reality. The IPD coordinator is the leader that channels the team’s efforts to deliver projects more efficiently and sustainably. Is this person you?
IPD provides the benefits for a more sustainable outcome. The cost requires changing the way we deliver our services. Some may see “green” as being the planet, while others in IPD see “green” as the financial reward. Whichever green you align with, IPD provides the delivery process to meet the project delivery demands of our clients today, while building a better world for tomorrow.